How to achieve effective protection in cases of sexual violence?
Violence against women is one of the most common violations of human rights, present in all countries. The main reason for this is that violence is a manifestation of the historically unequal power relations between women and men, which have led to the domination and discrimination of women and the prevention of their full advancement. It poses a threat to women’s lives and their well-being, and puts their physical and mental health at risk.
This document analyzes sexual violence, with a focus on rape and sexual harassment, which is not often talked about in the Macedonian society. As a form of gender-based violence, sexual violence hurts and violates women’s rights. Sexual violence is a form of gender-based violence, that is a gender-based discriminatory crime. Sexual violence targets women because they are women; it disproportionately affects women and is part of the general context of structural inequality, subordination and violence against women. Women are disproportionately exposed to all forms of sexual violence, and the most common perpetrators are men.